The Root Text of the Yogachara Tradition
Middle Beyond Extremes is one of the main root texts of the Yogacara tradition and its descendant the Shentong tradition. This text presents the core material traditionally covered in both Abhidharma and Madhyamaka texts from a Yogacara point of view, as well as a profound description of the practice of analytical vipashyana. It explains the profound key points of the entire path of the Great and Lesser Vehicles and reveals reality, free of dualistic extremes.
This text is one of the five great treatises of Maitreya, the supreme Bodhisattva of the tenth ground and the future Buddha. In about the third century CE, Maitreya presented this to Asanga, who then committed it to writing and taught it widely.
Each verse is explained by two commentaries - an "annotation-commentary" by Shenphen Chokyi Nangwa and a "meaning-commentary" by Ju Mipham, which is based upon the commentaries by Vasubandhu and Sthiramati. The verses and commentaries are followed by Mipham’s topical outline.
The opening stanzas of this text has mystified readers for over 1,500 years:
The Way Things Are
The false imagination exists.
In it, the two do not exist.
Emptiness exists here,
And within it, that exists as well. [I.1]
Not empty, not not empty—
This explains it all,
Because of existence, non-existence, and existence.
This is the path of the Middle Way. [I.2]
- Madhyantavibhaga Summary Outline
- Madhyantavibhaga Mipham’s Detailed Outline
- The Three Natures as Described in Verse 1.5 of the Madhyantavibhaga
- Course Chants
- Prajnaparamita, Indian gzhan stong pas, and the beginning of Tibetan gzhan stong
- The Maitreya Chapter from the 18,000 Line Prajnaparamita Sutra
- Mipham’s Detailed Outline of Chapter Four
- “A Study of the Madhyantavibhaga-bhasya-tika“
- “The Ontological Foundation of Religious Praxis in Yogacara Buddhism”
- Factors Eliminated on the Paths
- Key Qualities for Enlightenment
- Selections from the Prajnaparamita Sutras on Suchness and Emptiness
- “What Remains” in Shunyata
- Lists from Middle Beyond Extremes
- Wisdom of Buddha – Chapters Six and Seven
- Excerpt from The Nature of Things
- Madhyamika and Yogacara
- The Lack of Own Being of Phenomena
- Three Natures and Wheels of Dharma
- Excerpt from A Buddhist Doctrine of Experience
- Excerpt from Mind Only
- Excerpt from Principles of Buddhist Psychology
- Excerpt from Seven Works of Vasubandhu
- Comparative Translations of Verses 1.1-1.9
- Excerpt from Wonhyo’s Philosophy of Mind
- Readings from Middle Beyond Extremes